Chennai : Cancer is one of the leading causes of death. In this modern world when most of the communicable infectious disease are contained by modern medicine (soon corona will also be contained with modern medical interventions vaccines) cancer and heart attack has been emerged as leading cause of mortality and morbidity.
Cancer is the abnormal development of our own body cells because of changes in DNA level that multiply through uncontrolled cell division and spreads to other parts of the body either by direct invasion or spread through blood and lymphatics.
Breast cancer has emerged as the leading cancer among women in India which overtaken the cervix (Uterus mouth) cancer in the last decade because of the hygiene and sanitation improvement among our women.
Dr. Duraimavalavan, Oncologist, SRM Hospital Chennai says , “It is important to note that more than half of all new cancers and cancer deaths are preventable. Simple lifestyle modification liking stopping the use of Tobacco, alcohol and maintain a healthy-activity life can prevent cancer. Time and again get the cancer screening, consume lots of fruits and vegetables, replace red meat and dairy products with fish, nuts and legumes and consider taking a vitamin D supplement.”
Risk of breast cancer increases in the patients who are aged, if there is a family history, abnormality in menstrual history, if a woman has childbirth at the age of 30 or is obese. According to Dr. Duraimavalavan, Oncologist, SRM Hospital Chennai, “Women should look up for abnormal signs and symptoms like puckering, dimpling, retraction, nipple discharge, thickening of skin or lump or “knot” and retracted nipple.”
Although most breast changes aren’t cancerous, it’s important to have them evaluated promptly. Discover a lump or any of the other warning signs of breast cancer, especially if the changes persist after one menstrual cycle or they change the appearance of the breast. If treated for breast cancer, report any new signs or symptoms immediately. Possible warning signs include a new lump in the breast or a bone ache or pain that doesn’t go away after three weeks.
The diagnosis of breast cancer can be done via self-breast examination, clinical breast examination, Mammography -ACS Guidelines, Ultra-sonography, MRI and biopsy. While the treatment option can vary from Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, Targeted Therapy and Biologics
It has been found that most women do not practice BSE as they feel embarrassed or may have lack of knowledge or too busy, forgetfulness. Hence, it is important to maintain not only healthy lifestyle but consultant doctor on regular bases if you find any abnormality. Breast cancer can be avoided with timely diagnosis.