Chennai, June 2017: What can be a kind gesture can turn fatal, when the mother offers a kiss to her baby. This simple act can cause a life threatening infection for a baby who has primary immune deficiency (PID), a child born with a weak immune system. This condition makes it difficult for the immune system to perform its primary duty which is to fight germs and infections. Reports suggest that only 2% of one lakh children born with PID get the right treatment, and this condition is still not known among the medical fraternity and public. In the wake of this scenario, Apollo Hospitals has formed a dedicated team with all the technology and infrastructure to treat children with such disorders.
Immuno deficiency disorders do not have peculiar symptoms and it comes in the form of any other infection like fever, diarrhea, flu, skin rashes and so on. “There are many kinds of primary immune deficiency diseases, however , the cause remains the same. The diseases are caused due to the inability of the immune system to protect the child from different invaders like bacteria, viruses, fungi and tuberculosis causing germs. Hence, this becomes difficult in diagnosis as well, since not many medical practitioners and patients are aware about this deficiency,” says Dr. Revathi Raj , Hematologist, Apollo Hospitals.
The number of PID cases is more in South India, owing to the genetic conditions caused due to consanguine marriages. PID are of two types- genetic and acquired. While the former occurs during birth, the latter occurs during the later part of the child’s life which is very common. “Secondary immuno deficiency can cause cancer, HIV, liver cirrhosis and other serious conditions. In such cases, the diagnosis is easier and the patient can get the right amount of treatment at the right time,” she adds.
Lack of awareness among medical practitioners and patients and also late detections are the major causes for the prevailing high child mortality rates. Speaking on the treatment methods in India, Dr. Revathi says “The treatment facilities in India to manage PID have improved in the last 5 years. With the advanced technology and modern infrastructure it is now possible to do genetic screening and detect the condition earlier and provide the necessary solution. We, at Apollo have facilities for diagnosis, supportive care with PICU team, nursing and medical team to help provide curative bone marrow transplantation all existing under one roof making it a Centre of Excellence for treating children with PID. We have also done the largest series of transplants in the country for PID with over 75 out of the 120 performed with a success rate of 75%.”
About Apollo Hospitals group:
It was in 1983, that Dr.Prathap Reddy made a pioneering endeavour by launching India’s first corporate hospital – Apollo Hospitals in Chennai. Over the years Apollo Hospitals has established itself as home to the largest cardiac practice in India with over 160,000 cardiac surgeries. Apollo Hospitals is also the world’s largest private cancer care provider and runs the world’s leading solid organ transplant program. Now, as Asia’s largest and most trusted healthcare group, its presence includes 8,488 beds across 51 Hospitals, 1,586 Pharmacies, 92 Primary Care and Diagnostic Clinics, 100 Telemedicine units across 10 countries. Health Insurance services, Global Projects Consultancy, 15 colleges of Nursing and Hospital Management and a Research Foundation with a focus on global Clinical Trials, epidemiological studies, stem cell & genetic research and the first Proton Therapy Center across Asia, Africa and Australia. In a rare honor, the Government of India issued a commemorative stamp in recognition of Apollo’s contribution, the first for a healthcare organization. Apollo Hospitals Chairman, Dr.Prathap C Reddy, was conferred with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan in 2010. For more than 28 years, the Apollo Hospitals Group has continuously excelled and maintained leadership in medical innovation, world-class clinical services and cutting-edge technology. Our hospitals are consistently ranked amongst the best hospitals globally for advanced medical services and research.